Sunburn is a condition of redness, inflammation and in extreme cases peeling of the skin’s top layer and blistering. This skin displeasure is caused by overexposure to ultraviolet sun rays to the skin. Different skins react to sun rays in different ways and at different levels. Sunburn is prevalent during summer seasons and in regions with high temperatures accompanied with low humidity. Sunburn may also affect those traveling from a cold region to a relatively hotter region like from highlands and arctic regions to tropical or arid regions. This is because there is a wide difference in climate conditions in those two different regions.
How sunburn occurs
Excessive and prolonged exposure to sun rays triggers the skin’s melanin production. Overproduction of melanin on the skin makes the skin darken or change to other colors. As sun’s rays continue to hit the outer layer of the skin, it crushes the outer protective layer. Since this layer consists of living cells, they eventually die and peel off and on severe cases, tiny blisters start forming on areas that were exposed to the sun rays.
Sunburn can be treated using different ways. The treatment is designed to relieve the already reddened skin while at the same time easing the pain.
1. Home remedy treatment.
2. Herbal medical treatment.
3. Natural cures.
Home remedy treatment
I. Using cold compresses. By applying pressure to the affected area using a cold object soothes the burn.
II. Applying sunscreen creams and gels. Sunscreen creams are mainly made from ingredients such as menthol, camphor, and aloe. These components are good in rejuvenating the skin and making it smooth.
Natural cures for sunburn
Several home solutions are recommended by dermatologists to calm down the discomfort on the skin.
I. Applying kitchen staples that are made from food such as oatmeal, fat-free milk, cornstarch, lettuce, and yogurt.
II. Not using any bathing soap. This is recommended because soaps make the skin dry up thus causing further irritation.
I. Staying hydrated. Drinking plenty of water and other edible fluids supplies the body with enough fluid that is lost when the skin is exposed to the sun.
II. Taking cool showers regularly when in tropical regions.
III. Using sunscreen skin products. Creams and gels have active ingredients that refresh the skin quickly.
IV. Wearing protective clothing where possible. Putting on the right clothing such as sun protective panties and vest can greatly prevent sunburn.
Although sunburn is a common condition, it should be managed because excess exposure to sun rays can cause skin cancer. Always be on the lookout!